Shetland Kale: Oldest Scottish Variety

by Misa Hay -

Last year my colleague from work was very kind to give me some Shetland Kale seeds she kept that season. I was very excited about the prospect of growing an old Shetland crop and particularly because it would be grown from a heritage variety seed that was lovingly nurtured and saved unlike mass-produced commercial Hybrid seeds.

When looking for more details about Shetland kale I came across this some interesting information at Slow Food UK.

Shetland Cabbage

What are my special features?

Much variation can be found in this cabbage/kale (Brassica oleracea L) and the heart is a lot more open than modern cabbage varieties. The cabbage has a characteristic peppery taste and is traditionally cooked in a mutton stew.

What is my history?

Shetland Cabbage/Kale is the oldest known Scottish local vegetable variety and has been grown on the Shetland Islands since at least the 17th Century. Specific origin details of this landrace is unknown. The outer or dropped leaves were often used as winter feed for cattle and sheep.

Due to the extreme weather conditions on the Islands cabbage seeds were traditionally planted in plantie crubs, a small circular stone-walled enclosure. The cabbage seedlings were then transplanted into larger yards also often with stone walls. These structures can still be seen all over the islands despite many being in ruins.

Why am I forgotten?

In the last 30 years, there has been a steep decline in Shetland Cabbage and competition within other well-known supermarket varieties is further problematic for such traditional varieties.

Don’t lose me… cook me!

Kale was immortalised in the Shetland poem “Auld Maunsie’s Cro” by Basil R. Anderson:

‘Auld Maunsie biggit him a Cro
Ta grow him kale fir mutton bro
Fir Maunsie never tocht him hale,
Withoot sheeps shanks an kogs o’kale’

I found out that seed of Shetland Cabbage is not sold commercially and the survival of this, and other, landraces is entirely dependent on growers saved seed. Find out more here.

I’m planning to try keep some seed this year if the plants succeed so if anyone is interested in giving it a go please let me know and I’ll get you some seed.

Photo No.3: Silent witnesses to intensive crofting in the past – plantie crubs and kale yards in Culswick. To see this magic place and enjoy a fine walk to Culswick Broch check Walk Shetland.


This post was originally published at My Shetland Garden.

Pan-Fried Shetland Kale with Chorizo

Course: Main

Servings: 4 servings

Prep Time: 5 minutes

Cook Time: 20 minutes

Ingredients
  • Shetland kale or savoy cabbage - 1/2 head (shredded)
  • Chorizo - 100 grams (cut into small cubes)
  • Sage - 1/4 cup (chopped)
  • Spring onions - 1/4 cup (chopped)
  • Garlic - 2 cloves (sliced)
  • Olive oil - 1 tbsp
  • Water - 1/2 cup
  • Salt and pepper -
Instructions
  1. Fry the chorizo and garlic in the olive oil on low heat. Cook until the chorizo begins to release its fat and colours the oil. Add the sage and spring onions and season.
  2. Turn the temperature up slightly and then add the cabbage. Cook for a few minutes giving the cabbage time to warm through and begin to cook.
  3. Add the water and cover the pot with a lid allowing the cabbage to steam until soft.
  4. Serve with crusty bread or as a side dish.

This recipe also works well with brussel sprouts.

 Print this Recipe

Posted in: Recipes, Growing Food